Jean-Marie Lustiger

The Catholic Cardinal and Archbishop of Paris was born in 1926 to a Jewish family who emigrated to France from Będzin in the south of Poland. He survived the Holocaust in Orleans and was baptised with his sister. Their mother was murdered in Auschwitz. As the Archbishop of Paris, he opposed xenophobia and worked for interreligious understanding. In France, he organised aid for the Solidarność movement in Poland. Lustiger received the Prize for his efforts to promote European values, build a united Europe, and overthrow the totalitarian systems of the 20th century. He died in 2007, a few months after receiving the Prize. 

Photo: Claude Truong-Ngoc (CC BY-SA 3.0)